The Black Hills Center for American Indian Health generates knowledge on the social, behavioral and biological mechanisms of health disparities, with an emphasis on developing and testing interventions to reduce disparities. BHCAIH stimulates basic and applied research that takes an integrated and systems approach to assessing and potentially mitigating health disparities.
We work to establish and support multidisciplinary research to conduct health disparities research and implantation of culturally tailored interventions. BHCAIH develops tools and methodologies for data capture, measurement, analysis, and risk assessment that foster integration of the multiple factors that contribute to health disparities. Our epidemiology studies use large patient groups, or cohorts, and clinical trials to look for patterns relating to the development or prevention of disease.
The Lakota Center for Health Research NARCH program project works to improve our partnership started more than 15 years ago with the 3 major Lakota Sioux Tribes (Oglala Sioux Nation, Sicangu-Rosebud Sioux Nation and Cheyenne River Sioux Nation) of South Dakota. The Black Hills Center for American Indian Health focuses our research on innovative smoking policy and control issues as we continue to further our capacity within our tribal partners for the support and conduct of health research.
The Lakota Advocacy Leadership Program for Smoke-free Policies is a study with the Oglala Sioux Tribe. We will develop and test a pilot intervention that targets advocacy readiness of community opinion leaders who will advocate for smoke-free policies. Our primary outcome of this project is to establish the feasibility and acceptability of a pilot intervention we will develop, which will target changes in leadership self-efficacy in Lakota adult opinion leaders, so they can subsequently more effectively advocate for smoke-free policies on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. Secondary outcomes include that Lakota communities will have a better understanding of the impact of SHS exposure, and recognition that they have the capability to create a healthier environment. Also, our community-based, participatory methods will strengthen our tribal partner’s knowledge, expertise, and support for intervention research, and further mitigate disillusionment with, and distrust of, research.
The Cigarette Smoking among American Indian Women Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is a study with the Rapid City Indian Community. The primary study objective is to document the viewpoints of IPV-victimized women and strategies that could be used to adapt a trauma informed, culturally relevant, smoking cessation intervention. Using a highly participatory approach, this study will examine, and document contextual issues related to smoking and intimate partner violence (IPV) in Lakota Tribal women. We will then translate the qualitative findings into an adapted, culturally informed smoking cessation intervention for IPV-victimized Lakota Tribal women smokers. If successful, the participating tribes and tribal communities will have a better understanding of the need for smoking cessation in this special population.